From Hand-Written Résumés to Monster.com: The History of Job Search

When people search for jobs today, they typically use technology to help them find open positions. However, this obviously wasn’t always the case.

Just decades ago, people looking for work used much different methods. In fact, the job search process has changed many times over the years, and it continues to evolve today.

Early Job Search

When people searched for work in the earliest centuries of civilization, most exchanges were made by word of mouth.

People found employment by talking to their friends, family and acquaintances. Many workers also found positions in their family businesses or in local establishments owned by people they knew.

Some workers also found jobs by approaching employers directly. If jobs were unavailable, individuals sometimes found work through mutual friends. When work wasn’t available near an individual’s home, the person would often travel to a nearby town and approach the locals.

The Paper Résumé

As society progressed, the job search process became more standardized. Open positions were still posted on boards in town or passed by word of mouth.

However, instead of simply talking to potential employers or receiving positions without an interview, candidates were required to supply potential employers with written résumés detailing their education and job experiences.

The first true résumé was drafted by none other than Leonardo DaVinci in 1482; these early documents were written by hand, while later ones were typewritten.

If a potential employer was interested in hiring a candidate, he would often interview said candidate before making the final decision.

Computers and the Internet

The development of computers and the Internet revolutionized all forms of human interaction, including the job search process.

Using these technologies, jobseekers were able to create résumés and print them at home. With the evolution of the Internet, people were able to look for employment online and send their résumés directly to potential employers via email.

After receiving résumés, employers could sift through the pool of applicants quickly and send electronic responses to each person.

Job Search Websites

As more people used the Internet to look for employment, websites dedicated to the job search process, such as Monster.com, popped up online.

Using these sites, professionals looking for work were able to upload their résumés into a database for potential employers to review. Professionals were also able to sort through job openings and apply to only those that interested them.

Social Media and Career Sites

Though today’s jobseekers may still use websites like Monster.com, other tools are also available. For example, many jobseekers use social media websites like LinkedIn to create professional profiles and network with other professionals.

Jobseekers of today can also use the Internet to look for openings with specific employers. In fact, a lot of prominent companies even have their own career websites that jobseekers can use to look for employment.

By using these websites, professionals can find work at well-known companies like Rackspace or Google, as well as many other national employers and at smaller local businesses, too.

Over the years, jobseekers have employed many different methods to find work.

Though the job search tactics used today are much different from those used by early workers, the end goal is still the same: to find a position that’s appropriate, challenging and enjoyable.

Jon Dawson
Jon Dawson is a professional writer and have posted on law and technology on Technorati, Performancing, Bosmol, CMSWire and other authoritative sites.
If you wish to write for techchai, you can get in touch using the write for us form above.


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